What is Net Neutrality?
The principle that Internet service providers should enable the access to all kinds of content and applications, favoring or blocking particular products or websites. Network neutrality is the idea that your cellular, cable, or phone internet connection should treat all websites and services the same.
Net Neutrality Across The Globe-
After Chile, Netherlands became the second country to adopt Net neutrality, in 2011. It bans mobile telephone operators from blocking or charging consumers extra for using Internet Based services. The European Union is also in the process to follow the Netherland’s lead. The most recent addition to the small club is Brazil, which adopted the legislation on April 22, 2014.
Yahoo, eBay, Amazon, Microsoft, along with many other companies, have also been in support of neutrality regulation. Opponents of net neutrality include hardware companies and members of the cable and telecommunications industries, including major telecommunications providers, such as Comcast and AT&T.
Net Neutrality in India
The issue of Net Neutrality has been the topic of public debate in India for some time now. It has finally come to the fore with decision by Bharti Airtel Ltd, India’s largest telecommunications carrier to charge extra for the use of VOIP Services on Apps like Skype, Viber etc over its cellular data networks. Indian operators look to boost their data network and revenues.
The Telecom Regulation Authority of India (TRAI) is no stranger to Net Neutrality, having sent a note to the ISPs in 2006 suggesting a position for Net Neutrality. However, India has no laws governing net neutrality as of 2014. There are have been a few violations of net neutrality in India by some service providers. The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) is yet to form proper guidelines regarding net neutrality.
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